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  Left, top is the Me 263 rocket interceptor of 1945. The Russian I-270 rocket aircraft below it was designed by German designers in Russia. Seven were built and flown in 1947.

  The German leaders in Sawjolowo, Russia. From left is Dr. Ferdinand Brandner, whose team designed the 12,000 shp, NK-12M turboprop engines, Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Bruno Baade whose team designed the Tu-95 bomber and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bock. 1950.1

  The Junkers Ju 287 bomber with four Jumo 004 engines and JATO assist take-off rockets. The Ju 287 led the design of the EF131 which also had 25 deg. forward swept wings. The EF131 was test flown in Ramenskoje, Russia in 1946.

  Baade's EF140 with swept back wings was a follow-on design to the Ju 287and EF131. It is shown here in in Kuibyshev, Russia. Baade's next design was the EF150 (Type 150) with 45 degrees of aft wing sweep. The aircraft was clocked at a speed of 680 mph at 1,200 feet alt. which equates to supersonic speeds at design altitude.2

  The NK-12M is world's most powerful engine with 12,000 shp. It was designed and built by German scientists in Russia. It powered the Tu-95 bomber and the Tu-114 transport. It was also used on the Antonov AN-22 military transport. Later versions were upgraded to 15,000 shp for take-off. The design was based on the Jumo 12/022 engines.1

  The Tupolev Tu-95 (NATO code name "Bear") was designed by Baade's team of Germans and it was powered by four NK-12M turboprop engines. First flight was in the Summer of 1954.3

  1. Ferdinand Brandner, "Life Between Fronts, an Engineer in the Battlefield of World Politics," Contact Scientists and Friends. 1973.
  2. Andrew Brent, "TYPE 150," Flying, November 1952.
  3. John W.R. Taylor, "Jane's All The World's Aircraft, 1974-1975," Franklin Watts, Inc. New York. 1974.
  4. David Myhra, "Secret Aircraft Designs of the Third Reich," Schiffer Publishing Ltd. 1998.